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In 1910, Alice Wells took the oath to join the all-male Los Angeles Police Department. She wore no uniform, carried no weapon, and kept her badge stuffed in her pocketbook. She wasn’t the first or only policewoman, but she became the movement’s most visible voice.
Police work from its very beginning was considered a male domain, far too dangerous and rough for a respectable woman to even contemplate doing, much less take on as a profession. A policewoman worked outside the home, walking dangerous city streets late at night to confront burglars, drunks, scam artists, and prostitutes. To solve crimes, she observed, collected evidence, and used reason and logic—traits typically associated with men. And most controversially of all, she had a purpose separate from her husband, children, and home. Women who donned the badge faced harassment and discrimination. It would take more than seventy years for women to enter the force as full-fledged officers.
Alice Wells-the first American born female police officer in the United States
Yet within the covers of popular fiction, women not only wrote mysteries but also created female characters that handily solved crimes. Smart, independent, and courageous, these nineteenth- and early twentieth-century female sleuths (including a healthy number created by male writers) set the stage for Agatha Christie’s Miss Marple, Sara Paretsky’s V. I. Warshawski, Patricia Cornwell’s Kay Scarpetta, and Sue Grafton’s Kinsey Millhone, as well as TV detectives such as Prime Suspect’s Jane Tennison and Law and Order’s Olivia Benson. The authors were not amateurs dabbling in detection but professional writers who helped define the genre and competed with men, often to greater success.
Pistols and Petticoats tells the story of women’s very early place in crime fiction and their public crusade to transform policing. Whether real or fictional, investigating women were nearly always at odds with society. Most women refused to let that stop them, paving the way to a modern professional life for women on the force and in popular culture.
Pistols and Petticoats: 175 Years of Lady Detectives in Fact and Fiction by Erika Janik
My rating: 4 of 5 stars
Pistols and Petticoats: 175 Years of Lady Detectives in Fact and Fiction by Ericka Janik is a 2016 Beacon Press publication. I was provided a copy of this book by the publisher and Edelweiss in exchange for an honest review.
The title of this book grabbed my attention and I simply couldn’t pass it up. With only 248 pages, you know this book is a quick overview, but it has enough information to peak your interest, hold it, and will have you looking up old movie clips, and female detectives in literature, especially those from the golden age of detection.
The book also explores the expectations of women in various time periods and what roles real life female detectives or policewomen played, what their jobs detailed and the challenges they faced.
The true stories were a nice touch and I gained a new found respect for these trailblazing women who dared to defy convention and bravely trespass into a male dominated profession, opening doors for careers in law enforcement for women of future generations. But, even in current times, it takes real grit and determination to make it in law enforcement if you are a woman.
But, it was the female sleuths in literature that was the focus and was so much fun to read about. Keep in mind that there are female authors, like Ngaio Marsh, who were fine mystery writers, but were not featured in this book, because the main goal is to call attention to female crime solvers in fiction, not just on women authors.
Naturally, way back in the 1800’s, women didn’t have careers at all, so they were amateur sleuths. For the first portion of the book one author seemed to stick out above all others: Anna Katharine Green.
Ms. Green wrote stories featuring a senior sleuth before Miss Marple was ever thought of, as well as a young adult mystery solver, who predated Nancy Drew. Ms. Green was a favorite of Agatha Christie, who was most certainly influenced by her.
I will admit I was not familiar with Anna Katharine Green, and out of curiosity, I looked her up on Amazon and was pleased to see some of her books are available in the Kindle store, and many are free reads.
Anna Katharine Green
Moving on into the future, we meet Agatha Christie and Dorothy Sayers, two women who wrote mysteries who featured male and female sleuths. One of the main problems these, and other authors encountered was that these characters would have to stay at an older age or a younger age, because a married lady would have given up any career as a detective in order to be a wife and mother. Sayers managed to sidestep this quite cleverly.
Still, this problem prevailed well into the hard-boiled detective age, but there were a few notable exceptions, such as the Glenda Farrell’s Torchy Blane B movies of the thirties and forties, and Honey West, who was certainly ahead of her time.
While the thirties and forties seemed to belong to the macho hard-boiled pulps, the ladies and their characters often had the last laugh.
One of the most intriguing facts explored was the London Detection Club and the odd rituals and rules they adhered to.. Or not. The club is still around today.
Sue Grafton- author of the Kinsey Millhone Mysteries
Sara Paretsky- author of the V.I. Warshawski detective series
As we moved into the sixties and seventies, the roles of women continued to evolve and more women were featured as crime solvers without the aid of men, in movies, television and in novels. With these changes we were introduced to V.I. Warshawski, Kinsey Millhone, two notable characters who narrated the story from the female PI point of view, creating characters who are smart, savvy, street smart, and a little sassy or sarcastic at times, but also quite human and very likeable.
Later forensic detectives like Kay Scarpetta and Temperance Brennan hit the scene as well as several other top notch crime series by Marcia Muller, Amanda Cross and Elizabeth Peters.
Today we barely blink an eye at female detectives in any media format. These ladies marry, have children, and work in demanding careers, as reporters, forensic anthropologist, detectives, and policewomen. The amateur sleuth is still alive and well and thriving, but they are not doing so because they are shut out of law enforcement.
I really enjoyed this retrospective on women sleuths and how they have come into their own over the years and what role they have played in representing women in mostly positive ways and opened doors for women in real life while creating some of our favorite mystery novels and characters.
While women still have many battles to fight, they are slowly making progress, showing their mettle, proving they are capable and making their mark in law enforcement in reality, and not just within the pages of fiction, as well as ground- breaking roles on television and in film.
I have a few new books to read now, and enjoyed looking up YouTube videos featuring Torchy Blane and Honey West.
I enjoyed this short, but absorbing retrospective on the history of female detection. This book is meant to be a quick and enjoyable read, and should be viewed in that manner. The author did research and her notes are listed at the back of the book. However, this is not an in depth historical undertaking, although I did wish the author had taken more time in certain areas. There was a lot time spent in the distant past, but other periods of time were rushed through.
I think this book could whet the reader’s appetite for more information or further reading, and could spark a renewed interest in the golden age of detection. It’s often a good idea to revisit the past in order to appreciate the things we enjoy, and often take for granted today.
Thanks to Anna Katharine Green, Agatha Christie and many others, we have the pleasure of knowing Rizzoli and Isles, Temperance Brennan, Kinsey Millhone, or the female characters on television like Olivia Benson or Stephanie March, just to name a few. There are many popular female sleuths out there now with faithful followings, both professional and amateur., and we have these trailblazers from the past to thank for that.
Mariska Hargitay stars as Olivia Benson on Law & Order Special Victims Unit
So, if you love female authors who write strong, sly, savvy, and smart female sleuths, you will want to check this one out. In the process, you will come away with a new found respect for woman in law enforcement and will be thankful for these women, and their fictional counterparts.
RELEASES APRIL 26TH
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